HTML

What is HTML?

HTML is short for HyperText Markup Language and is the language of the World Wide Web. It is the standard text formatting language used for creating and displaying pages on the Web. HTML documents are made up of two things: the content and the tags that format it for proper display on pages.
HTML5 is the fifth version of HTML language and it is the currently running version of HTML.

What are the parts of the HTML page?

Basically, there are two parts of the web pages: Content and Tags which are responsible for the format of an HTML page. For Eg: <img>, <br>.

Do all HTML tags are written in a pair?

No, there are some HTML tags are present which can be used as single

What are the list types available in HTML?

Common list type available in HTML:
  • Ordered list
  • Unordered list
  • Definition list
  • Menu list
  • Directory list

What's the difference between HTML and XHTML?

  • XHTML elements must be properly nested.
  • XHTML elements must always be closed.
  • XHTML elements must be in lowercase.
  • XHTML documents must have one root element.
  • XHTML DOCTYPE is mandatory.

What is the use of data-* attribute?

Use the data-* attribute to embed custom data. The data-* attributes is used to store custom data private to the page or application. The data-* attributes gives us the ability to embed custom data attributes on all HTML elements.

What's the difference between standards mode and quirks mode?

The almost standards mode is also known as the limited quirks mode. As you can imagine, the content rendered in the almost standards mode is almost fully compliant with the full standards mode. The almost standards mode renders the document with only a few quirks that have to do with the vertical sizing of table cells.

What is the <figure> in the HTML5?

For representing the self-contained flow content we use a <figure> tag.

What is the Canvas element in the HTML?

For representing charts, 2D images, graphs on the web page we use Canvas element.

What are the storage types of HTML5?

  • Session Storage: It will store the data related to the current.
  • Local Storage: data will not be erased when the browser is closed

What do you mean by Application Cache in HTML5?

The Application cached means the web application is cached. So It can be accessed without an internet connection.

Explain the input types of HTML5 for forms?

Text, Date, DateTime-local, DateTime, month, email.

What are applets?

Applets are the small Java program which can be embedded with the web pages to perform some specific functionality like computation, animation.

How can we get the geographic position of a user in HTML5?

By using eolocation API we can retrieve the location of the user.

What are the different types of heading format supported by HTML?

HTML heading is use to highlight the content of HTML document. the heading tags which are used in HTML are <h1> to <h6>.

What are the GET and POST methods?

GET s use to request the data from server and POST is used for submitting the data to a server.

What is Longdesc in HTML?

Longdesc is an attribute that allows you to provide a Link to another page that contains a description of the frame contents. For example longdesc="framedescription.html".

What are the web sockets?

Web Sockets is a next-generation bidirectional communication technology for web applications which operates over a single socket and is exposed via a JavaScript interface in HTML5 compliant browsers.

What is SPAN tag is used for?

Span is used for formatting elements in the SPAN block. It is used to select inline text.

What are the Internationalization Attributes for XHTML Element?

XML, DIR, LANG

What do you mean by Box Model?

Every Element on a Page is a Rectangular Box and may have Width, Height, Padding, Borders, and Margins. Every section of the box model relates to a CSS property: width, height, padding, border, and margin.